Denne uken forkastet Trump Obamas havpolitikk fra 2010 og erklærte en ny en. Ikke uventet er også «America first»-slagordet lett gjenkjennelig i denne. Der Obama funderte sin hav-politikk på bærekraftig bruk av havressursene legger Trump hovedvekt på ressursbruk og arbeidsplasser for amerikanere.
Innledningen i de to dokumentene er imidlertid ganske like:
«The ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes waters of the United States are foundational to the economy, security, global competitiveness, and well-being of the United States. Ocean industries employ millions of Americans and support a strong national economy.»
«The ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes provide jobs, food, energy resources, ecological services, recreation, and tourism opportunities, and play critical roles in our Nation’s transportation, economy, and trade, as well as the global mobility of our Armed Forces and the maintenance of international peace and security.»
Bedre data og effektiv hav-forvaltning
Den nye politikken har blitt kritisert for å utelate klimaendringer, biomangfold og økosystemer. Samtidig sier politikken at: «It shall be the policy of the United States to: (a) coordinate the activities of executive departments and agencies regarding ocean-related matters to ensure effective management of ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes waters and to provide economic, security, and environmental benefits for present and future generations of Americans…».
«…facilitate the economic growth of coastal communities and promote ocean industries, which employ millions of Americans, advance ocean science and technology, feed the American people, transport American goods, expand recreational opportunities, and enhance America’s energy security».
Politikk og budsjett spriker
Det legges også vekt på «improved public access to marine data and information [and] efficient interagency coordination on ocean-related matters.» Dette siste reflekteres ikke i budsjettet for 2019 der Trump-administrasjonen foreslår et kutt på 20 prosent for den amerikanske havforskningsetaten NOAA.
Også den norske og canadiske havstrategien legger vekt på ressursutnyttelse men disse tar innover seg klimaendringer og bærekraftig bruk:
«The richness and biodiversity of Canada’s oceans provide enormous potential for present and future generations. The marine ecosystems have a remarkable diversity of species, including commercial and non-commercial fish, marine mammals, invertebrates and plants. The health of our oceans and sound management of ocean resources are not just coastal issues – they are truly national and affect all Canadians.
Canada’s oceans are also a critical component of the overall global and national climate as they determine and regulate climate, and provide keys to the understanding of and adaptation to global climate change.»
«Considerable growth in the global ocean industries is expected . The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) demonstrates in its report “The Ocean Economy in 2030” that economic activity in the ocean is growing rapidly, and estimates that the ocean economy will provide 40 million jobs and double its contribution to global value creation by 2030 . Much of the growth is expected to take place in industries where Norway already has important advantages .
At the same time, development in the global ocean economy is limited by the ongoing deterioration of the state of the ocean . One of the great challenges in the future will be to balance the need for increased productivity with the need for stronger protection of marine resources .»